The French Revolution brought about a fundamental
transformation in self-identity, for the disenfranchised masses, evidenced by
the elimination of privileges and their replacement by rights as well as the
growing decline in social deference that highlighted the principle of equality
throughout the Revolution. The Revolution represented the most significant and
dramatic challenge to political absolutism up to that point in history and
spread democratic ideals throughout Europe and ultimately the world. Throughout
the 19th Century, the revolution was heavily analysed by economists and
political scientists, who saw the class nature of the revolution as a
fundamental aspect in understanding human social evolution itself. This,
combined with the egalitarian values introduced by the revolution, gave rise to
a classless and co-operative model for society called "socialism"
which profoundly influenced future revolutions in France and around the world.